Prescription opioid use and abuse in the United States have increased significantly over the last decade. According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH),.
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Opioid Use, Addiction, and Overdose
Prescription opioid use and abuse in the United States have increased significantly over the last decade. According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), prescription opioids have been the most frequently abused psychotherapeutic drug for more than a decade, and are second only to marijuana for all illicit drugs (Hedden et al., 2014). “2018 data shows that every day, 128 people in the United States die after overdosing on opioids.” In the United States drug overdoses are the leading cause of injury death, in 2015 resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths. An estimated 2.4 million Americans suffer from a substance use disorder related to prescription opioids, more than for cocaine and heroin combined and second only to marijuana for illicit drugs (Ali & Mutter, 2016; Hedden et al., 2014).
There are numerous forms of treatments available for those suffering from opioid addiction. One of the many forms of treatments available for those suffering from opioid addiction is medical detoxification. Medical Detoxification is the first line of treatment for opioid use disorders, a short-term inpatient process of providing medical supervision to assist in the achievement of abstinence while treating the symptoms of withdrawal (Veilleux, Colvin, Anderson, York, & Heinz, 2010). Going through this process of treatment, requires a lot support due to the fears of withdrawal that might discourage individuals from seeking treatment and the discomfort experienced during withdrawal might lead clients to drop out of treatment. Another form of treatment for those suffering from opioid addiction is Medication-Assisted Therapy (MAT). While the MAT option produce results and make the withdrawal experience more comfortable for addicts, there are still several concerns. There are certain drugs involved in the MAT therapy which may intensify cravings for specific narcotics and cause a relapse.
If I had a friend or family member suffering from opioid addiction, I would recommend them to speak with qualified professionals to weigh out the pros and cons of all the many different treatments that are available to those suffering from opioid addiction. So I just recommend them take it one day at a time to discover all the different option available until they find the right fit for their needs.